Charlottesville is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,475. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities. It is named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the queen consort of the United Kingdom.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Charlottesville with Albemarle County for statistical purposes, bringing the total population to 118,398. The city is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area which includes Albemarle, Fluvanna, Greene and Nelson counties.
Charlottesville is best known as the home to two U.S. Presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. Close by is the historical home of a third, James Madison, in Orange. It is also known as the home of the University of Virginia, which is one of the most historically prominent colleges in the United States and, along with Monticello, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The latter, Jefferson’s mountain-top home, attracts approximately half a million tourists every year. While both served as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville and traveled to and from the capitol (Richmond, Virginia) along the 71-mile (114 km) historic Three Notch’d Road.
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Charlottesville, VA Information
Charlottesville is an affluent beach city in San Diego County, California. The population was 4,161 at the 2010 census, down from 4,389 at the 2000 census. The Charlottesville Horse Races are hosted on the Charlottesville racetrack every summer. Charlottesville is Spanish for “of the sea” or “by the sea”, because it is located on the Pacific Ocean. Colonel Jacob Taylor purchased 338 acres (1.37 km2) from Enoch Talbert in 1885, with visions of building a seaside resort for the rich and famous. The United States Navy operated a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility for blimps at Charlottesville during World War II.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2). 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (3.94%) is water. At the southern edge of Charlottesville is the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon.
Charlottesville’s climate is considered sub-tropical / Mediterranean with warm, dry summers and mild winters, and is considered one of the most desirable climates world-wide. Temperatures exceed 85 °F (29 °C) only on a few occasions throughout the year and rarely drop below 62 °F (17 °C). The average daily temperature in Charlottesville is approximately 71 °F (22 °C).
Charlottesville is also one of few locations in which the Torrey Pine tree grows. The Torrey Pine is the rarest pine in the United States and only two populations of this endangered species exist. The Soledad Valley at the south of Charlottesville severs two colony segments of the Pinus torreyana.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Charlottesville had a population of 4,161. The population density was 2,341.9 people per square mile (904.2/km²). The racial makeup of Charlottesville was 3,912 (94.0%) White, 10 (0.2%) African American, eight (0.2%) Native American, 118 (2.8%) Asian, three (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 25 (0.6%) from other races, and 85 (2.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 175 persons (4.2%).
The Census reported that 4,161 people (100% of the population) lived in households, zero (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and zero (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,064 households, out of which 340 (16.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 927 (44.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 (5.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 57 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 124 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 19 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Seven hundred seven households (34.3%) were made up of individuals and 209 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02. There were 1,098 families (53.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.57.
The population was spread out with 564 people (13.6%) under the age of 18, 205 people (4.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,071 people (25.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,455 people (35.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 866 people (20.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
There were 2,596 housing units at an average density of 1,461.1 per square mile (564.1/km²), of which 1,113 (53.9%) were owner-occupied, and 951 (46.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.9%. Of the population, 2,398 people (57.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,763 people (42.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Charlottesville in 2005 was $169,348 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $100,982.
The City of Charlottesville is governed by a City Council of five elected representatives. Each year a new mayor is chosen from among the councilmembers.
In the state legislature Charlottesville is located in the 39th Senate District, represented by Democrat Marty Block, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick.
Federally, Charlottesville is located in California’s 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5 and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.